Saturday, January 21, 2017

DAY 21 - This day in legal and military history

January 21

NATIONAL Squirrel Appreciation Day

NATIONAL Granola Bar Day

NATIONAL Hugging Day

Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history

1790 Joseph Guillotine proposes a new, “more humane” method of execution: a machine designed to cut off the condemned person’s head as painlessly as possible

1903 The "Dick Act" creates the modern National Guard

1903 The US and Columbia sign the Hay-Herran Treaty, giving the US a 99 year lease and sovereignty over the Panama Canal Zone

1950 Former State Department official Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury

1974 The US Supreme Court decides that pregnant teachers can no longer be forced to take long leaves of absence

1977 President Carter urges 65 degrees as the maximum heat in homes to ease the energy crisis

1977 President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders as long as they had not been involved in violent acts

2010 In a 5-4 decision that reversed previous decisions, the US Supreme Court rules in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission that the government cannot restrict the spending of corporations for political campaigns

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