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Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history
1807 Vice President Aaron Burr is arrested in Alabama for treason. He is later acquitted.
1831 The first practical US coal-burning locomotive made its trial run in Pennsylvania
1847 Rescuers finally reach the ill-fated Donner Party in the Sierras
1866 Congress passes the New Freedman’s Bureau bill, providing for military trials for people accused of depriving African-Americans of their civil rights
1878 Thomas Edison patented the gramophone (phonograph)
1942 FDR orders the internment of Japanese-Americans on the West Coast
1942 Port Darwin, on the northern coast of Australia, was bombed by about 150 Japanese warplanes
1968 The first nationwide broadcast of Mr. Roger's Neighborhood aired on PBS
1976 Executive Order 9066, which led to the relocation of Japanese-Americans to internment camps, is rescinded by President Gerald R. Ford’s Proclamation 4417
1987 New York Governor Mario Cuomo declares that he will not run for president in the next election
2002 NASA’s Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system
2008 Fidel Castro resigned as President of Cuba after 49 years in power. Raúl Castro, Fidel's brother, succeeded him as president.