Monday, August 7, 2017

Day 219 - This day in legal and military history

August 7

NATIONAL Lighthouse Day

NATIONAL Particularly Preposterous Packaging Day

NATIONAL Purple Heart Day

Today in legal and military [and occasional oddities] history

1782 General George Washington authorizes the award of the Badge for Military Merit (the Purple Heart), for soldiers wounded in combat

1789 Congress established the US War Department

1794 In the summer of 1794, irate farmers in Pennsylvania rose up in the Whiskey Rebellion against the federal tax on liquor and stills

1888 Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia receives a patent for the revolving door

1922 The Irish Republican Army cuts the cable link between the United States and Europe at Waterville landing station

1934 In Washington, the US Court of Appeals rules that the government can neither confiscate nor ban James Joyce’s novel Ulysses

1947 The wooden raft Kon-Tiki, which carried Thor Heyerdahl and five companions more than 4,000 miles, crashed into a reef in the Pacific 

1953 SSgt Barbara Barnwell was the first woman Marine awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for heroism, for saving a soldier from drowning

1959 The United States launched Explorer 6, which sent back a picture of Earth

1964 Congress overwhelmingly passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, allowing the president to use unlimited military force to prevent attacks on US forces and to oppose Communist aggression in Southeast Asia

1976 The US Viking 2 spacecraft goes into orbit around Mars

1981 The Washington DC Star ceases publication after 128 years

1984 Japan defeats the United States to win the Olympic Gold in baseball

1987 Lynne Cox becomes the first person to swim from the United States to the Soviet Union, making the 2.7 mile trip through the frigid waters of the Bering Strait

1990 Operation Desert Shield begins as US troops deploy to Saudi Arabia to discourage Iraq’s Saddam Hussein from invading that country as he had Kuwait

1998 A massive truck bomb explodes outside the US embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, and minutes later, another truck bomb detonated outside the US embassy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

2007 Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants breaks Hank Aaron’s record with his 756th home run

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